A colposcopy is a study of the cervix with a microscope-like device for the detection of pre-cancerous conditions and cancer of the cervix. The study takes place in a gynaecological chair and lasts around 15 minutes. If changes are detected, a tissue sample or biopsy is taken from the cervix that is sent for further investigation. During the study, acetic acid and iodine solutions are used. The study is painless.

Before the study

  • Empty your bladder before the study
  • Avoid sexual intercourse 24 hours prior to the study
  • If you experience any vaginal discharge, take a course of treatment

Indications for study

  • Visual findings
  • Changes in PAP-test
  • Bleeding after intercourse
  • External genital condylomas

Contraindications for study

  • Menstruation
  • Allergy to iodine or acetic acid
  • Acute inflammation of the cervix or vagina

After the biopsy, you may experience bloody discharge for a few days, exacerbation of undiagnosed inflammation or an allergic reaction to the iodine or acetic acid.

After a tissue sample is taken, it is advisable to avoid sexual intercourse, having a bath or using a pool or sauna for 2-3 days.